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World History Links


In order to find the links for your activity, consult the list below to find the appropriate subject.

Titles in this Series:

Related Title:

Document-Based Activities for U.S. History Series

Medieval Europe  

Lesson 1: Charlemagne

Einhard: The Life of Charlemagne

The Monk of Saint Gall: The Life of Charlemagne, 883/4

Illuminated manuscript "The Coronation of Charlemagne"

The Song of Roland

Lesson 2: Feudalism: A Social and Political System

Feudal Oaths of Fidelity

Charter of Homage and Fealty, 1110

French Book of Hours, the Trés Riches Heures

French Book of Hours: March

French Book of Hours: August

Description of a Manor House

Lesson 3: The Crusades

Evolution of Crusader Privileges, 1095–1270

Ekkehard of Aurach: On the Opening of the First Crusade

Annales Herbipolenses, s.a. 1147: A Hostile View of the Crusade

Map of the Fourth Crusade and later Crusades

Lesson 4: Magna Carta

Picture of the Magna Carta

Text of the Magna Carta

Magna Carta and Its American Legacy

The Bill of Rights

"What Say the Reeds at Runnymede?"

Lesson 5: The Bubonic Plague

Introduction to Boccacio's Decameron

Hans Holbein the Younger: The Dance of Death
  (Link is to an archive)

Mortality Rates in Florence 1348

AIDS/HIV information

Plague Simulation
(Link is to an archive)

Related websites:

Medieval Sourcebook

History On-line

Historical Maps Collection

Overview of the History of Charlemagne

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Renaissance Art & Archictecture  

Lesson 1: Leonardo da Vinci and Renaissance Painting

The Miracle of the Thirsty Man: Giotto

Mona Lisa: Leonardo

The Life of Leonardo da Vinci: Giorgio Vasari, 1550

The Last Supper: Leonardo

Lesson 2: Renaissance Gardens

The Enchanted Gardens of the Renaissance

The Sacred Grove, The Monsters' Grove, Bomarzo Garden

Villa Lante—Bagnaia Garden

Villa d'Este's Tivoli Garden

Lesson 3: Art and Religion United: Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel


The Web Gallery of Art—Visit to the Sistine Chapel

The Ceiling Frescoes

The Creation of Adam

Prophets and Sybils

The Last Judgment

Lesson 4: Brunelleschi and the Dome of the Cathedral of Florence

Lives of the Artists: Giorgio Vasari, 1550

The Dome of the Cathedral of Florence: Exterior View

The Pantheon, Rome: Exterior View
(Link is to an archive)

The Dome of the Cathedral of Florence: Interior View

The Pantheon, Rome: Interior View

Geometry of the Dome

Innovative Engineers of the Renaissance

Brunelleschi's Secret in Constructing the Cupola of the Florence Cathedral
  (Link is to an archive)

Lesson 5: English Renaissance Poetry

Christopher Marlowe, "The Passionate Shepherd to His Love"

Sir Walter Raleigh, "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd"

Edmund Spenser, "From Amoretti" (Sonnet 30)

William Shakespeare, Sonnet 18

William Shakespeare, Sonnet 116

Elizabeth I: Biography

"When I Was Fair and Young" (attributed to Elizabeth I)

Passions in Poetry: Sir Walter Raleigh

Related websites:

Geocentric vs. Heliocentric: Theory Comparison Study Sheet

Geocentric Theory

Innovative Engineers of the Renaissance—Brunelleschi

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Renaissance Politics & Economics  

Lesson 1: Petrarch

Francis Petrarch: To Posterity Letters

Francis Petrarch: Selections from his Correspondences

Hanover (Indiana) College Historical Texts Project

Francis Petrarch: Letter to Cicero 1

Francis Petrarch: Letter to Cicero 2

Lesson 2: Lorenzo de Medici

Medieval Sourcebook: Lorenzo de Medici: Paternal Advice To A Cardinal

Biographical information on Lorenzo de Medici

Lesson 3: Machiavelli's The Prince

Chapter 17 of The Prince

Entire text of the The Prince

The Declaration of Independence: A Transcription

Lesson 4: Marco Polo

Medieval Sourcebook: Marco Polo: The Glories of Kinsay [Hangchow]

Medieval Internet Sourcebook

Lesson 5: Christopher Columbus: Admiral of the Ocean Seas

Christopher Columbus: Extracts from Journal
(Link is to an archive)

Biographical resource on Columbus

Related websites:

The Annenberg/CPB Renaissance Exhibits collection

Medieval/Renaissance Food Homepage

A Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Instruments

The Medieval Internet Sourcebook: Renaissance

"Rome Reborn: The Vatican Library & Renaissance Culture"

The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy

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Medieval China  

Lesson 1: Politics in Medieval China

Reproduction of Cell Used by Students Taking the Imperial Exams

Background Information:

Tang Dynasty

Confucian Exams

(Link is to an archive)

Sung Dynasties
(Link is to an archive)

Lesson 2: Buddhism

The Longmen Grottoes, Hene Province, China

The Crowned Buddha at the Southern Leigutaidong Cave

Background Information:

Five Minute Introduction to Buddha

A History of Chinese Buddhism
  (Link is to an archive)

Longmen Grottoes
This page is no longer available.

Thomas Jefferson Memorial (for comparison)

Abraham Lincoln Memorial (for comparison)

Lesson 3: The Invention of Block Printing

Image of the Diamond Sutra

English Translation of the Diamond Sutra

Background Information:

Block Printing
(Link is to an archive)
(Link is to an archive)

The Diamond Sutra

Lesson 4: A Golden Age of Chinese Poetry

"Alone in her Beauty" by Du Fu

Background Information on the "Golden Age of Arts and Literature": Lesson 5: Linking Medieval China to Modern China through Art

Mau Yuan's Sung Dynasty work "Riding a Dragon"

Chen Haiqiang's 2001 work "Last Pray for the Living Environment"
Page no longer available. Some of the artist's works can be found at:

Background Information on Medieval Chinese Art and Modern Chinese Art: Related websites:

Art and the Culture of the Sung Dynasty

Chinese Dynasties

A Universal Guide for China Studies
This page is no longer available.

Back to the Top

Shogun Japan  

Lesson 1: The Politics of Tokugawa Shogun Japan

Kawasaki: A Military Checkpoint

"Questioned in detail" illustration

Background on Tokugawa Ieyasu and the political structure of Tokugawa Shogun Japan: Lesson 2: The Samurai

Samurai Quotations

Background on the social hierarchy of Shogun Japan and on the role of the samurai: Lesson 3: The Kabuki Theater

Photographs of scenes from Kanadehon Chushingura

Background on the Kabuki Theater and on Kanadehon Chushingura: Lesson 4: Ukiyo-e Artists

Woodcut by Toyokuni I depicting Act III from Chushingara
Or try this page (Link is to an archive).

Woodcut by Hiroshige depicting "Scene XI, The Raid" from Chushingara
Or try this page (Link is to an archive).

Background on Ukiyo-e Art
  (Link is to an archive)

Chushingara Prints

Lesson 5: The Treaty of Kanagawa

Treaty of Kanagawa

Background on the international trade with Japan: Related websites:

A Virtual Tour of Edo, Japan

The Tokugawa Art Museum

Viewing Japanese Prints

Schauwecker's Guide to Japan

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The Rise and Spread of Islam (600–1200) 

Lesson 1: Muhammad's Last Sermon

The Prophet Muhammad's Last Sermon

Jesus's Last Sermon (John 13–16)

Buddah's Last Sermon
  (Link is to an archive)

Lesson 2: Four Accounts of the Battle of Tours (Poitièrs)

Medieval Sourcebook: Arabs, Franks, and the Battle of Tours, 732: Three Accounts

Medieval Sourcebook: Anon Arab Chronicler: The Battle of Poitièrs, 732

Lesson 3: Comparing Muslim and Christian Views about the Conquest and Reconquest of Jerusalem

Maps and the History of Jerusalem

HIEROSOLIMA, first map of Jerusalem
  Scroll to Hierosolima

The Capture of Jerusalem by Saladin, 1187

Some Medieval Accounts of Salah al-Din's Recovery of Jerusalem (Al-Quds)

Lesson 4: Medieval Muslim Life Revealed in The Rubiayat by Omar Khayyám

Omar Khayyam: The Rubaiyat, c. 1120 CE

Lesson 5: Medieval Islamic Religious Architecture

Religious Architecture and Islamic Cultures

Related websites:

A Brief Chronology of Muslim History

Introduction to Islamic Beliefs and Practices

Introduction to the Articles and Pillars of Islam

Islam 101

IslamiClip Arabic Islamic Clip Art

The Metropolitan Museum of Art—The Collection: Islamic Art (Introduction)

Islam: Empire of Faith-Educational Resources (PBS)

The Ten Commandments

Understanding Islam and Muslims

Welcome to Isfahan!

Women in Islam

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The Industrial Revolution  

Lesson 1: Inventions

Photograph of Hand Loom

Photograph of Power Loom

Leeds Woollen Workers Petition, 1786

Letter from Leeds Cloth Merchants, 1791

Background On Inventors During the Industrial Revolution

Lesson 2: The Luddites

"The Hand-Loom Weavers' Lament"

Lord Byron, speech in the House of Lords (27th February, 1812)

Background on Luddites

Lesson 3: Railways

First-person narrative by Fanny Kemble

Graphs of the Spread of Railways in 19th Century

Background on Railways

Lesson 4: Child Labor and Living Conditions

Chadwick's Report on Sanitary Conditions

The Sadler Committee's Report on Child Labor in England - 1832
  (Link is to an archive)

Background on Child Labor in Great Britain

Lesson 5: The Great Exhibition of 1851

Drawings of the Crystal Palace
Click here to go straight to Western Entrance of the Great Exhibit
Click here to go straight to South Exterior of the Crystal Palace

(Links are to an archive)

Sermons preached by Reverend George Clayton

Background on the Great Exhibition of 1851

Related websites:

Discover School: Industrial Revolution
  (Link is to an archive)

The Victorian Web

The Industrial Revolution Lecture

Kid Info Reference Resource: Industrial Revolution

The Internet Modern History Sourcebook: Industrial Revolution

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World War I  

Lesson 1: A Snapshot of History: The Willy-Nicky Letters

The "Willy-Nicky" Telegrams

Lesson 2: The Arming of the Earth and the Advent if Modern War

The Role of Cavalry in Warfare
  (Link is to an archive)
Photos in lesson:
  (Link is to an archive)
  (Link is to an archive)
Photos from the Great War

The Dragon and the Undying

In Flanders Field

Lesson 3: Great War Propaganda

Trenches on the Web: Posters from the Great War

"They Shall Not Pass" poster

"Are YOU in this?" poster'Are_you_in_this'_poster.jpg

World War I Posters in the Hyder Collection
  (Link is to an archive)

Lesson 4: American Isolationism Shattered

The First Lusitania Note to Germany

The Zimmerman Telegram

Lesson 5: The Treaty of Versailles: The League of Nations

Woodrow Wilson: The League of Nations

The Senate and the League of Nations

Political Cartoon

Related websites:

The World War I Document Archive

PBS on the Great War

The Complete Text of the Treaty of Versailles

League of Nations: A Chronology

The Center for Legislative Archives

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World War II  

Lesson 1: Appeasement

"Peace for Our Time" statement by Neville Chamberlain

The British Parliamentary Debate on the Munich Agreement

Map of Czechoslovakia showing the Sudetenland

Lesson 2: The Battle of Britain

"Their Finest Hour": Churchill's address to the House of Commons of June 18, 1940

Winston S. Churchill

FDR's request for a declaration of war against Japan after the attack on Pearl Harbor
Click here for the audio version

Lesson 3: The Nazi-Soviet Non-Agression Treaty/Operation Barbarossa

Treaty of Non-Aggression Between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

Molotov: Reaction to German Invasion of 1941

Map of the movements of Hitler's armies

Lesson 4: D-Day

A letter about D-Day by Robert Walker, an American soldier
  (Link is to an archive)

Account of D-Day by war correspondent Ernie Pyle
  (Link is to an archive)

Normandy: 1944

Map of Normandy Invasion (June 6, 1944)

News coverage of the Gulf War (1991)

Lesson 5: The Firebombing of Dresden

The Fire-bombing of Dresden: An eye-witness account

"Before" Photograph of Dresden

"After" Photograph of Dresden

"After" Photographs of Hiroshima
  (Link is to an archive)

Map of the Eastern front at the end of World War II
  (Link is to an archive)

"Old City Bombed to Hell" 1995 AP story about Dresden

Culminating Activities:

Talk Show Framework and Rubric
  (Link is to an archive)

Resources for comparing the Battle of Britain and the bombing of Dresden: Related websites:

The World at War

WWII Documents
(Link is to an archive)

Life and Times of Winston Churchill

The Battle of Stalingrad
  (Link is to an archive)

WWII Codes and Ciphers

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The Holocaust  

Lesson 1: The Wannsee Conference

Wannsee protocol

Lesson 2: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Mordecai Anielewicz's last letter to Yitzhak (Antek) Zuckerman, April 23, 1943
  (Link is to an archive)

Photograph of man lying dead in Warsaw photo

Extract from a Report by the "Delegatura" to London on the Warsaw Ghetto Revolt

Lesson 3: Life in Concentration Camps

Interview in which concentration camp survivor "Helen L." talks about her experiences in a concentration camp

Paintings and drawings of Jan Komski
Click here to go straight to "Appell" (Role Call): A Painting by Jan Komski

Lesson 4: Liberators and "Righteous Gentiles"

Raoul Wallenberg

"Tell us who were there that it never happened"—General Felix Sparks

1st. Lt. William Cowling: Report from the Dachau Liberation

Lesson 5: The Nuremberg Trials

Nuremberg Trial Proceedings Vol. 1: Charter of the International Military Tribunal

Nuremberg Trial Proceedings Vol. 1: Indictment

Judgment of the International Military Tribunal for the Trial of German Major War Criminals

Famous Trials

Related websites:

Cybrary of the Holocaust

Holocaust Pictures Exhibition

The Nizkor Project

Simon Wiesenthal Center

The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum: Education

Yad Vashem

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The Enlightenment  

Lesson 1: Progress and Perfectibility: Condorcet

Condorcet: The Future Progress of the Human Mind

Lesson 2: Society and Government: Locke, Rousseau, the "State of Nature," and the Social Compact

"Of the State of Nature," Chapter 2 of John Locke's An Essay concerning the true original, extent and end of civil Government (1690)

Jean Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract, 1763

Lesson 3: The Powers of Government: Montesquieu

Montesquieu: The Spirit of the Laws, 1748

Lesson 4: Deism: Paine and Jefferson

Thomas Paine: "Of the Religion of Deism Compared with the Christian Religion"

Thomas Jefferson's letter to Benjamin Rush

"The Spacious Firmament" by Joseph Addison

Lesson 5: The Rights of Women

Daniel Defoe: "(On) The Education Of Women, 1719"

"The Prevailing Opinion of a Sexual Character Discussed," Chapter II from Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

"Seneca Falls Declaration" by Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1848)

John Stuart Mill's On the Subjection of Women (1869)

Related websites:

Rousseau Association

John Locke Resources

Shaping of the Modern World: The Enlightenment
(Link is to an archive)

Back to the Top

The French Revolution  

Lesson 1: The Three Estates

Political Cartoon on the Three Estates

"What Is the Third Estate?": Abbe Sieyes

Lesson 2: The Storming of the Bastille

A newspaper account of the fall of the Bastille

Lesson 3: The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen (1789)

The English Bill of Rights (1689)

Lesson 4: The Reign of Terror

Maximilien Robespierre:"Justification of the Use of Terror"

St. Just: excerpts from Republican Institutes

Minh's Vietnamese Declaration of Independence

Lesson 5: Executions

French Revolution execution picture
  (Link is to an archive)

Marie Antoinette: Letter to Her Mother, 1773

Edmund Burke: The Death of Marie Antoinette

La Marseillaise: The French National Anthem

Related websites:

Internet Modern History Sourcebook: French Revolution

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution

HistoryWiz: French Revolution

Back to the Top


Lesson 1: "The White Man's Burden"

"The White Man's Burden" poem

"The Brown Man's Burden" poem

British Imperialistic Anthems: Rule Britannia

Lesson 2: The Economics of Imperialism

Paul Leroy-Beaulieu on the Desirability of Imperialism, 1891

John Hobson: Imperialism, 1902

Lesson 3: The Missionary of Impulse

Dr. David Livingstone: Excerpt from Missionary Travels and Research in South Africa

The British Missionary Letters Urging the Annexation of the South Sea Islands

Josiah Strong on Anglo-Saxon Predominance, 1891

Lesson 4: Indigenous Responses to Imperialism

The People of Canton: Against the English, 1842

Dadabhai Naoroji: "The Benefits of British Rule",%20benefits%20of%20british%20rule.htm

Lesson 5: International Competition

The Earl of Cromer: Why Britain Acquired Egypt in 1882

"The John Bull Octopus in Egypt" cartoon

Program of the Pan-German League, 1890–1898

Related websites:

"The White Man's Burden" and Its Critics

Internet African History Sourcebook: European Imperialism

Internet Indian History Sourcebook: The Western Intrusion

Images of Colonial Africa

Imperialism in Africa Quiz

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Medieval Africa 

Lesson 1: Daily Life

Wood figure from Dogon culture in Mali

Wood figure from Bamana culture of Mali,b.jpg

Bracelets and necklace from the Jennenke culture,8_1999.jpg
(Link is to an archive)

African Recipes

Lesson 2: Great Traditions

Excerpts from the Sundiata

Background to the epic of Sundiata Keita

Lesson 3: Ibn Battuta: African Explorer

Ibn Battuta: Travels in Asia and Africa 1325-1354

Lesson 4: Trans-Saharan Travel and Trade

Images of the Catalan Atlas
  (Links are to an archive)

Ibn Battuta: Travels in Asia and Africa 1325–1354

Leo Africanus: Description of Timbuktu
(Link is to an archive)

The Catalan Atlas
  (Link is to an archive)

Lesson 5: Medieval Cities—Great Zimbabwe and Timbuktu

Great Zimbabwe Ruins

Leo Africanus: Description of Timbuktu

Mesa Community College: Great Zimbabwe

Timbuktu: The Mythical Site
  (Link is to an archive)

Related websites

Introduction to African History and Cultural Life

The Road to Timbuktu

Background to the epic of Sundiata Keita

Smithsonian Natural History Web: African Voices

Mr. Bloch Salt Archive

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The Reformation 

Lesson 1: Background to the Reformation

Grace for Sale through Indulgences—Johann Tetzel

Copy of an Inexpensive Indulgence Sold by Tetzel

St. Peter's Basilica: Virtual Tour

Vatican Museums Online

Lesson 2: Martin Luther

The 95 Theses

Martin Luther—The Freedom of a Christian

Painting of Martin Luther

From Pen to Printing Press
(Link is to an archive)

Renaissance: What inspired this age of balance and order?

Lesson 3: The Pope and the Emperor Respond to Luther

Condeming the Errors of Martin Luther

The Imperial Edict of Worms

Charles V's Coronation Oath

Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor

Lesson 4: The Reformation in France and England

Calvin's Institutes of the Christian Religion

Henry IV and the Edict of Nantes
(Link is to an archive)

The Act of Supremacy (1534)

Tudor History

Lesson 5: Impact of the Reformation

St. Ignatius Loyola: Spiritual Exercises

Satire on Popery, 1555

Christ Blessing, Surrounded by a Donor and His Family (Triptych of a Protestant Family), ca. 1575–80

US Jesuit Conference

Related websites

Project Wittenberg

Society for Reformation Research

The Meeter Center

Centre for Reformation and Renaissance Studies

Life and Times of Martin Luther

Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

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The Scientific Revolution 

Lesson 1: The Scientific Method

René Descartes: Discourse on Method (1637)

Francis Bacon—First Book of Aphorisms

Voltaire (1694–1778): On Francis Bacon

Lesson 2: Copernicus and a Revolution in Astronomy

Nicolas Copernicus: From The Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies, 1543
(Link is to an archive)

Thomas Digges—A Perfit Description of the Cælestiall Orbes

Biography of Nicolas Copernicus
(Link is to an archive)

Johannes Kepler
(Link is to an archive)

Lesson 3: The Church Responds to Galileo

The Crime of Galileo: Indictment and Abjuration of 1633

Vatican admits Galileo correct

Allocution of the Holy Father John Paul II (pdf file)

Lesson 4: Newton and a Revolution in Physics

Isaac Newton: Optics

Voltaire (1694–1778)—Letters on Newton from the Letters on the English or Lettres Philosophiques, c. 1778

Isaac Newton: The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy

Sir Isaac Newton: The Universal Law of Gravitation

Gravity Experiments
Link is to an archive

Lesson 5: A Revolutionary in Biology

William Harvey (1578–1657)—On The Motion Of The Heart And Blood In Animals, 1628

William Harvey Explains Blood Circulation

About William Harvey

Related websites

Timeline Science

History Topics: Mathematics
(Link is to an archive)

Museum of History and Science

ECHO: Exploring and Collecting History Online

Newton's Principia
(Link is to an archive)

Nicolaus Copernicus

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The Age of Exploration 

Lesson 1: Ships and Navigation

Portuguese Barca

Portuguese Caravel

Navigation Methods

Mariner's Astrolabe

Expanding Horizons

Terrestrial Globe with Armillary Sphere

Lesson 2: Vasco da Gama

Modern History Sourcebook: Vasco da Gama: Round Africa to India, 1497–1498 CE

The World Factbook: Map of India

Vasco da Gama's route to India

Portraits of Vasco da Gama

Lesson 3: Christopher Columbus

Christopher Colombus—Extracts from Journal

Columbus's letter to the King and Queen of Spain, 1494

1492—An Ongoing Voyage

Lesson 4: Ferdinand Magellan

Map of Magellan's Route

Modern History Sourcebook—Ferdinand Magellan's Voyage Round the World, 1519–1522 CE

Magellan's portrait

Lesson 5: Maps

Expanding Horizons

Map of the World: 1482

Waldseemüller Map

Wytfliet World Map—"Vtrivsque Hemispherii Delineatio"

Related websites

The Mariner's Museum

ROG: National Maritime Museum

Latitude: The Art and Science of Fifteenth-Century Navigation

1492: An Ongoing Voyage

Navigation Methods

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Nineteenth-Century Nationalism 

Lesson 1: Defining Nationalism

Johann Gottlieb Fichte: To the German Nation, 1806

J.V. Stalin, Marxism and the National Question

ProEnglish: English Language Advocates

The English-Only Movement

"English Only"
  (Link is to an archive)

Lesson 2: Prince Klemens von Metternich

Prince Klemens von Metternich: Political Confession of Faith, 1820

The Congress of Vienna, November 1, 1814–June 8, 1815

Delegates to the Congress of Vienna of 1815

Lesson 3: The Revolution of 1848

1848: Hugo's Description of the Barricades

Political Cartoon
  (Link is to an archive)

Documents of the Revolution of 1848 in France

The Mannheim Petition
Page no longer available. A very rough translation of the document can be found here.

1848 Documents

Encyclopedia of 1848 Revolutions
(Link is to an archive)

Lesson 4: The Unification of Germany and Italy

Giuseppe Mazzini—Instructions for the Members of Young Italy

Documents of German Unification, 1848–1871

Map of the 19th Century Unification of Italy under Piemontese Rule, showing the Route taken by Garibaldi's soldiers

Europe After the Congress of Vienna, 1815

Map of Germany, 1815 showing the members of German Confederation

Deutschland, Deutschland ueber Alles...

Das Lied der Deutschen

Italy National Anthem

Lesson 5: Nationalism and Romanticism

J.M.W. Turner, Vale of Ashburnham

Jean-Louis-André-Théodore Gericault, Evening: Landscape with an Aqueduct

Eugène Delacroix, Christ Asleep during the Tempest

Honoré Daumier, Rue Transnonain, le 15 Avril 1834

Lord Byron: "The Isles of Greece"

Lord Byron: Selected Poetry

Related websites

European Nationalism

Nation Planet

The Nationalism Project

Nationalism Links: Sociological Research Online

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The Rise & Fall of Soviet Communism 

Lesson 1: The Communist Manifesto

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: The Communist Manifesto (1848)
(Link is to an archive)

V.I. Lenin: Our Programme, 1899

Lesson 2: The Russian Revolution

The Tasks of the Proletariat in the Present Revolution

Primary Documents: Lenin's Call to Power, 24 October 1917

Lenin's ordering of the establishment of an "Extraordinary Commission to Fight Counter-Revolution"

Lesson 3: Stalinism and the Totalitarian State

Joseph V. Stalin: On the Industrialization of Russia
  (Link is to an archive)

Letter to Bolshevik

Hymn to Stalin

Lesson 4: Failure of the Soviet System

Sakharov's Telegram

Note by the Procurator-General of the USSR N Trubin on Events in Novocherkassk, June 1962

Petition on the Legality of the Trial of Ginzburg, Galanskov, Dobrovol'skii and Lashkova

Lesson 5: Reform and Collapse

Perestroika: As Defined by the Communist Party Plenum of Jan 1987

Resolution: Soviet Unity for Leninism and Communist Ideas

Excerpts of Address by Mikhail Gorbachev: 43rd U.N. General Assembly Session, December 7, 1988
  (Link is to an archive)

Related websites

Marxist Internet Archive

The Museum of Communism

The Russian Revolution: A Gallery Of Photos

From Marx to Mao

Mikhail Gorbachev
  Page no longer available

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The United Nations 

Lesson 1: The League of Nations

League of Nations Charter

Henry Cabot Lodge: Reservations with Regard to the Treaty

Telegram from the Japanese Minister for Foreign Affairs to the Secretary- General of the League of Nations, Regarding Japan's Withdrawal from the League of Nations, March 27, 1933
  (Link is to an archive)

Lesson 2: Foundations of the UN

The Atlantic Charter

Dumbarton Oaks Agreement

The Terms of Power

Declaration by United Nations: Subscribing to the Principles of the Atlantic Charter, January 1, 1942

Lesson 3: Human Rights and the Onset of the Cold War

Eleanor Roosevelt: The Struggle for Human Rights

UN General Assembly, 183rd Plenary Meeting, December 10, 1948 (pdf file)

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The UN Charter

Eleanor Roosevelt: Adoption of the Declaration of Human Rights

Lesson 4: Korea: An Early Test for the UN

UN Resolution of 27 June 1950

Report of The United Nations Commission on Korea, 1950

Andrei A. Gromyko: On American Intervention In Korea, 1950

Korea, the forgotten war
(Link is to an archive)

Lesson 5: UN Peacekeeping Forces

Lester Bowles Pearson, Nobel Lecture, December 11, 1957

Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Nobel Lecture, January 9,1989

UNMEE Kenyan Peacekeeper in ASSAB Team Site, May 2001

The Power of Persuasion Backed by Force

United Nations Peacekeeping

Related websites

The United Nations

The League of Nations and the United Nations

United Nations Peacekeeping

Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

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Last Updated February 27th, 2018.