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Each group writes a description of its hypothetical civilization, stressing the interrelationship of cultural patterns. Artifacts of student design and construction (not included in the kit) are then placed in the ground according to archaeological principles. Each team excavates, restores, analyzes, and reconstructs the other team’s artifacts and culture. Using their acquired knowledge, students ultimately analyze their own civilization. The teacher’s guide provides complete procedures, handout masters, assessments, and extension activities (most of which can stand alone); student guides include background information and sample forms. The full simulation runs for 20 class periods, but is easily shortened.